Castles of Collalto and San Salvatore in Susegana
In 1312, Count Rambaldo VIII obtained for himself and his descendants from Emperor Arrigo VII full jurisdiction over the counties of Collalto and San Salvatore, thus legitimizing the definitive feudal consecration of the Collalto family which has since been subjected only to imperial authority.
The castle of Collalto became the capital of a vast territory which also included the villas of Falzè, Sernaglia, Barbisano and Refrontolo, while the castle of San Salvatore administered the villas of Susegana, Colfosco and Santa Lucia.
Starting from 1461 the castle of Collalto was the seat of a Franciscan monastery wanted by Antonio II, suppressed in the Napoleonic age and then used as a spinning mill.
Artists such as Giovanni Antonio de ‘Sacchis known as Pordenone and Francesco da Milano worked in the Collaltine churches and castles from the first decade of the 1500s.
In 1806, Napoleon I, king of Italy, abolished the feudal organization and thus the Municipality of San Salvador was born, which later became Susegana.
For Collalto an inexorable decline continues, leading the capital of the now former fiefdom to become a fraction of the Municipality of San Pietro di Feletto, and then return in 1889 to the administrative patronage of the Municipality of Susegana.
The Great War (1915-1918) found the medieval village of Collalto and the fortified area, with its palaces, the fortress and the walls, under the fire of the Italian artillery which, as happened for the castle of San Salvatore, for the most part they destroyed them.
Very little remains of the castle and its walls today, as little or nothing remains of the palaces, ancient churches and watchtowers.
In 1927, on a project by the architect Domenico Rupolo, the current Church of San Giorgio was built, after the one built in 1851 (the consecration of bishop Manfredo Bellati dates back to 1857) also fell under the blows of artillery during World War I.
Texts by Antonio Menegon – For further information: www.collalto.info
The Castle of San Salvatore in Susegana
The castle dominates the town of Susegana. The history of this manor, which has a typical medieval architectural structure, is linked to the vicissitudes of its owners, the noble Collalto family. Destined to become one of the largest late medieval Italian castles, the Castle of San Salvatore suffered heavy ruins between 1917 and 1918, when the municipal territory came to be in the Austro-German occupation area following the rout of Caporetto and the front was attested on the Piave river.
It can also be partially visited inside.
Susegana is known in history for the Counts of Collato, they chose the nearby hills to build their castles. The Counts of Collalto, first counts of Treviso, later of Nervesa, Collalto, San Salvatore, Rai, Credazzo, Col San Martino, Musestre, are probably of Lombard origin.
The patriarch of this family was Rangbaldus, a great warrior and skilled diplomat in the period of Charlemagne, in 1327, his descendants became counts of Collalto.
The Castle of Collalto in Susegana
A road between trees and hills leads to the ruins of this castle destroyed by Endisio I in 1110. These were the oldest possessions of the Counts of Collalto. A legend tells that Chiara da Camino wife of Rambaldo VIII of Collalto, seized by jealousy, walled up the damsel Bianca da Collalto alive; on certain nights Bianca’s ghost wanders among the ruins complaining.
The remains of the main tower, parts of the walls and the main gate are visible from the outside.
Information taken from www.tragol.it